Sighisoara, the Outstanding Citadel of Saxon Transylvania

Sighisoara Clock TowerCurrently the only inhabited medieval fortress in South-East Europe, Sighisoara (Schäßburg in German, Schäsbrich in Transylvanian Saxon) will impress through its pastel-coloured buildings, stony lanes and medieval towers.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1999, Sighisoara’s Historic Centre is a must-see in central Transylvania.

Fortified walls encircle Sighişoara’s old city with its once flourishing merchant houses, now harbouring cafes, hotels and craft shops.

And as in any fortification system there is one fortress that dominates the rest: the master-tower. In Sighișoara, this role is played by the Clock Tower, the main entry point to the citadel which dominates the center of the old town. Built in the 14th century and expanded 200 years later, the multicolored roof tiles of Sighişoara’s Clock Tower glitter in the sun.

The city played an important strategic and commercial role for several centuries with Sighișoara becoming one of the most important cities of Transylvania. The Wallachian voyvode Vlad Dracul (the third son of Mircea cel Bătrân and father of Vlad the Impaler (Dracula)), who lived in exile in the town, had coins minted in the city and issued the first document listing the city’s Romanian name, Sighișoara. Vlad the Impaler aka Dracula was born here.

With authentic medieval architecture (most of the 164 houses are considered historical monuments) and medieval atmosphere, Sighișoara is considered today to be the most beautiful and well-preserved inhabited citadel in Europe.

Activities

 

Transylvanian destinations nearby

  • A Castle and a Glass of Wine - This 16th century once hunting residence turned into a symbol for Jidvei, one of Romania's premier white wines wineries. Mix culture and pleasure by visiting the Bethlen Haller Castle in Cetatea de Balta, Transylvania.
  • Bran Castle, Transylvania attraction Bran Castle aka Dracula Castle in Transylvania – does it exist? - Whether in summer or winter, the visitor will be greeted by a medieval castle perched atop a steep cliff, where legend meets fantasy and Count Dracula rules the myth. Over 600,000 tourists flock to Bran Castle each year hoping to meet Count Dracula the Vampire or at least his ghost.
  • Bears Cave – Tourist Guide - One of the most spectacular tourist attractions of the Apuseni Mountains, the Bears Cave dwells an extraordinary range of stalagmite and stalactite formations varying in size and forms as well as a lot of marks and fossils of the cave bear (which dissapeared 15.000 years ago).
  • Oldest Underground Glacier at Scarisoara Ice Cave in the Apuseni - Scarisoara Ice Cave in the Apuseni Mountains houses the largest underground glacier in Europe and second largest in the world.  It is considered a show cave and one of the natural wonders of Romania. Ice samples extracted from the Scarisoara Cave Glacier offer evidence of how winter climate in Europe has fluctuated over the last 10,000 years.
  • The Turda Salt Mine – History Museum of Salt Mining & Amusement Park - Salina Turda, one of the oldest salt mines in the world located in Turda, Romania, has been converted into an incredible amusement park. The mine which dates back to the Middle Ages now serves as a veritable history museum of salt mining.  As far as the history goes, salt extraction on the surface started in antiquity, with […]
  • Lake Saint Anna Lake Sfânta Ana (lake Saint Anne) - Surrounded by an amazing landscape, the only crater lake in Romania has the purest water and is said to do miracles. Ready for a visit?